January 7, 2018

Corticosteroids and other anti‑inflammatory preparations

  Corticosteroids Topical corticosteroids should normally only be used under expert supervision; three main dangers are associated with their use: a ‘red eye’, where the diagnosis […]
January 6, 2018

Drugs for the relief of soft-tissue inflammation

Enzymes Hyaluronidase is used to render the tissues more readily permeable to injected fluids, e.g. for introduction of fluids by subcutaneous infusion (termed hypodermoclysis).   HYALURONIDASE: […]
January 6, 2018

Drugs used in neuromuscular disorders 

  Drugs that enhance neuromuscular transmission Anticholinesterase drugs enhance neuromuscular transmission in voluntary and involuntary muscle in myasthenia gravis. They prolong the action of acetylcholine by […]
January 6, 2018

Anaemias and some other blood disorders

Before initiating treatment for anaemia it is essential to determine which type is present. Iron salts may be harmful and result in iron overload if given […]
January 6, 2018

Fluids and electrolytes

Fluids and electrolytes Oral preparations for fluid and electrolyte imbalance Oral Potassium POTASSIUM CHLORIDE: Indications: For the treatment of patients with hypokalemia with or without metabolic […]
January 6, 2018

Drugs used in rheumatic diseases and gout

Drugs used in rheumatic diseases and gout   Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs In regular full dosage NSAIDs have both a lasting analgesic and an anti-inflammatory effect which makes […]
January 5, 2018

Cytotoxic drugs

    Side-effects of cytotoxic drugs The following are the Side-effects common to most cytotoxic drugs.Extravasation of intravenous drugs; A number of cytotoxic drugs will cause […]
January 5, 2018

Drugs affecting the immune response

Immunosuppressants are used to suppress rejection in organ transplant recipients and to treat a variety of chronic inflammatory and autoimmune diseases. Solid organ transplant patients are […]
January 5, 2018

Drugs for genito-urinary disorders

Drugs for urinary retention Chronic retention is painless and often long-standing. Catheterisation is unnecessary unless there is deterioration of renal function. After the cause has initially […]
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