Shampoos and other preparations for scalp and hair conditions
Dandruff is considered to be a mild form of seborrhoeic dermatitis. Shampoos containing antimicrobial agents may have beneficial effects. Shampoos containing tar extracts may be useful and they are also used in psoriasis. Ketoconazole shampoo should be considered for more persistent or severe dandruff or for seborrhoeic dermatitis of the scalp.
Indications: used for the prevention and treatment of dandruff caused by fungal infections of the scalp, as well as for the relief of associated symptoms such as flaking, scaling and itching.
Contraindications: Known hypersensitivity to ketoconazole or any of the other ingredients, which may be recognised by severe itching and redskin after application of the shampoo.
Dose and Administration: Wet hair. Apply sufficient shampoo to produce a generous lather. Gently massage over the entire scalp. Allow the shampoo to
Soak in for 3 to 5 minutes before rinsing.
Use regularly, at least twice a week for 8 weeks to treat the infection. To prevent the infection reappearing, use once a week or once every two weeks.
Indications: Treatment of dandruff, seborrhoeic dermatitis & pruritus associated w/ these conditions.
Contraindications: Pregnancy & lactation. Known hypersensitivity to Ciclopirox or any of the other ingredients.
Dose and Administration: Use as shampoo for the hair & scalp 2-3 times/week.
Topical application of minoxidil may stimulate limited hair growth in a small proportion of adults but only for as long as it is used.
Indications: treatment of alopecia androgenetica in men aged between 18 and 65. Onset and degree of hair regrowth may be variable among users. Although trends in the data suggest that those users who are younger, who have been balding for a shorter period of time or who have a smaller area of baldness on
the vertex are more likely to respond to Regaine for Men Gel, individual responses cannot be predicted.
Contraindications: in users with a history of sensitivity to minoxidil, ethanol, propylene glycol, carbomer and diisopropanolamine, in users with treated or untreated hypertension, in users with any scalp abnormality (including psoriasis and sunburn).
Dose and Administration: Apply 1 mL twice daily to dry hair and scalp (discontinue if no improvement after 1 year); 5% strength for use in men only.