All laboratories utilizing hazardous chemicals must have standard operating procedures that address chemical spill response actions. These SOPs must identify appropriate response equipment, procedures and limitations
To know what is to be done & by whom in the event of a “hazardous material release” creating an emergency situation.
The Chemical Spill Response Guide regulates the action handling of hazardous substances by workers employed in the clean-up operation or workers responding to an emergency release.
An emergency release is defined as:
A spill of over 1 Liter of hazardous substance
In the event of a spill which:
involves the release of a type or quantity of a chemical that poses an immediate risk to health, or
involves an uncontrolled fire or explosion or
involves a highly dangerous chemical or
involves unknown or highly reactive chemical(s) or
involves a large quantity of chemical (generally over 1 liter of liquid or 1 kg of solid material)
Immediately activate the nearest fire alarm and evacuate the building.
Call emergency extension and provide details of the accident including:
class of hazardous materials involved
size of spill
description of any personal injury
control measures already taken
your name and phone number
how you can be identified when emergency personnel arrive at the scene
If the accident involves personal injury or chemical contamination, follow the above steps as appropriate, and at the same time:
Move the victim from the immediate area of fire, explosion, or spill (if this can be done without further injury to the victim or you).
Locate nearest emergency eyewash or safety shower.
Remove any contaminated clothing from the victim and flush all areas of the body contacted by chemicals with copious amounts of water for 15 minutes.
Administer first aid as appropriate and seek immediate medical attention.
In the event of a spill involving the release of a chemical that does not pose an immediate risk to health and does not involve chemical contamination to the body:
Notify personnel and the adjacent department/unit/section of the accident.
Isolate the area, closing doors and evacuating the immediate area if necessary.
Remove ignition sources and unplug nearby electrical equipment.
Establish ventilation, if possible, by turning on central exhaust system, and the fume hoods if the accident occur in the laboratory..
Locate the spill kit.
Choose appropriate personal protective equipment (goggles, face shield, impervious gloves, lab coat, apron, etc.).
Confine and contain spill by covering or surrounding it with appropriate absorbent material.
Neutralize acid and base spills prior to cleanup
Sweep solid material into a plastic dust pan and place in a sealed 5 gallon container.
Wet mop spill area. Be sure to decontaminate broom, dustpan, etc.
Put all contaminated items (gloves, clothing, etc.) into a sealed container or plastic bag.
Request Safety Officer or Housekeeping for Hazardous Waste Pickup.
Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) procedures for the spilled chemical take priority over these procedures in the event they differ
Personal Protective Equipment (PPE):
goggles and face shield
heavy neoprene or nitrile gloves
disposable lab coat and corrosives apron
plastic vinyl booties
Apill socks, pillows or pads in sufficient quantity to contain a spill and keep it away from any floor drains.
Universal spill absorbent – 1:1:1 mixture of Flor-Dri (or unscented kitty litter), sodium bicarbonate, and sand. This all purpose absorbent is good for most chemical spill including solvents, acids (not good for hydrofluoric acid), and bases.