Medications Must-Know Information

The data listed on this page has been collected over a long period, and it serves as a reference to me and other medical students... If you think something needs to be updated please let me know.

Make sure to SORT the table below to arrange the item alphabetically.

Molecule

Mechanism Of Action

Boxed Warning

Major Side Effects

Amantadine

As Antiviral, It appears to primarily prevent the release of infectious viral nucleic acid into the host cell by interfering with the transmembrane domain of the viral M2 protein. Amantadine is also known to prevent viral assembly during replication. It inhibits the replication of influenza A virus isolates from each of the subtypes (ie, H1N1, H2N2 and H3N2), but has very little or no activity against influenza B virus isolates.

As for Parkinson disease, it's
suggested that amantadine may have direct and indirect effects on dopamine neurons; however, recent studies have demonstrated that amantadine is a weak, noncompetitive NMDA receptor antagonist. Although amantadine has not been shown to possess direct anticholinergic activity, clinically, it exhibits anticholinergic-like side effects (dry mouth, urinary retention, and constipation).

NIL

Orthostatic hypotension, Dizziness, Xerostomia and constipation

CycloSPORINE

Inhibition of production and release of interleukin II and inhibits interleukin II-induced activation of resting T-lymphocytes.

systemic hypertension and nephrotoxicity

Hypertension ,tremors ,cramps ,increased serum creatinine and hyperkalemia

DOXOrubicin

Doxorubicin inhibits DNA and RNA synthesis by intercalating between DNA base pairs causing steric obstruction and inhibits topoisomerase-II at the point of DNA cleavage. Doxorubicin is also a powerful iron chelator. The iron-doxorubicin complex can bind DNA and cell membranes, producing free hydroxyl (OH) radicals that cleave DNA and cell membranes. Active throughout entire cell cycle. Doxorubicin liposomal is a pegylated formulation which protects the liposomes, and thereby increases blood circulation time.

Myocardial toxicity and Infusion reactions.

Cardiomyopathy, Fatigue, headache and Nausea

Morphine

Binds to opioid receptors in the CNS, causing inhibition of ascending pain pathways, altering the perception of and response to pain; produces generalized CNS depression

Life-threatening respiratory depression, neonatal opioid withdrawal syndrome, addiction, abuse, and misuse.

Drowsiness, headache, constipation, nausea, vomiting and Urinary retention

Olaratumab

Olaratumab is a human (recombinant) IgG1 antibody which expressly binds to platelet-derived growth receptor alpha (PDGFR-α) to prevent binding of PDGF-AA, PDGF-BB, and PDGF-CC and block receptor activation and disrupt PDGF receptor signaling. The PDGF-alpha receptor has a role in cell differentiation, growth, and angiogenesis and has demonstrated antitumor activity in sarcomas

NIL

Fatigue, headache, Hyperglycemia, hypokalemia, Nausea and diarrhea

References

British National Formulary
Drug information Handbook - Lexicomp

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