September 2017

Rapid Response Team (RRT) – a formally designated multidisciplinary team that responds to the call of health care providers from inpatient units except MICU, SICU, CCU, SDU and NICU regarding deteriorating patients. Team provides coverage 24 hrs a day, 7 days a week.
Early Warning Signs (EWS) – are medical signs and symptoms which allow staffs to identify and respond to patients who are deteriorating clinically. Scores used are the adult Modified Early Warning Score (MEWS), and the Pediatric Early Warning Scores (PEWS).

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Systemic Nasal Decongestants

Nasal decongestants for administration by mouth may not be as effective as preparations for local application but they do not give rise to rebound nasal congestion on withdrawal. Pseudoephedrine is available over the counter; it has few sympathomimetic effects. Systemic decongestants should be used with caution in diabetes, hypertension, hyperthyroidism, susceptibility to angle-closure glaucoma, prostatic hypertrophy, renal impairment, pregnancy, and ischaemic heart disease, and should be avoided in patients taking monoamine oxidase inhibitors.

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Cough Preparations

Expectorant and demulcent cough preparations Expectorants are claimed to promote expulsion of bronchial secretions but there is no evidence that any drug can specifically facilitate expectoration. The assumption that sub-emetic doses of expectorants, such as ammonium chloride, ipecacuanha, and squill promote expectoration is a myth. However, a simple expectorant mixture…

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